Paediatric practice in Romania has changed after 1990. Until the revolution in 1989, the medicine faculties had paediatrics departments that trained general practitioners committed to paediatric primary care. Many of these doctors are still active.

Actually, the paediatric primary care is done by GP.

In Romania there is a network of paediatric ambulatories in schools where school doctors provide primary care. Every small town in Romania has a public “diagnosis centre” (policlinic) where paediatricians provide ambulatory consultations. Local hospitals have departments of paediatrics for inpatient care. The county diagnosis centres and hospitals provide secondary care in paediatrics. In ten university centres ( Bucuresti, Iasi, Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Targu Mures, Oradea, Craiova, Sibiu, Brasov and Constanta), secondary and tertiary care are provided by highly qualified paediatricians and subspecialists. All these units are public and the expenses are covered by the National Health Insurance Service based on a Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) system. The private pediatric units in Romania have a very limited role. Most are only ambulatories and the doctors have only part time jobs in such units, their main job being in public units.

Some of the paediatric societies in Romania are:

  • Societatea Romana de Pediatrie (The Romanian Pediatrics’ Society)
    President: Prof. Dr Dimitrie Dragomir
  • Societatea Romana de Pediatrie Sociala (The Romanian Society of Social Pediatrics)
    President: Prof. Dr Nicolae Miu, head of the Paediatric clinic 2 in Cluj-Napoca.